"America’s greatest mass hanging — the execution of 38 Sioux Indians — was personally ordered by the ‘Great Emancipator,’ President Abraham Lincoln."
Largest mass hanging in United States history
38 Santee “Sioux” Indian men
Mankato, Minnesota, Dec. 16, 1862
What brought about the hanging of 38 Sioux Indians in Minnesota December 1862 was the failure “again” of the U.S. Government to honor it’s treaties with Indian Nations. Indians were not given the money or food set forth to them for signing a treaty to turn over more than a million acres of their land and be forced to live on a reservation.
Indian agents keep the treaty money and food that was to go to the Indians, the food was sold to White settlers, food that was given to the Indians was spoiled and not fit for a dog to eat. Indian hunting parties went off the reservation land looking for food to feed their families, one hunting group took eggs from a White settlers land and the rest is history.
To celebrate the last day of our “22 Days Of Invention” series, we wanted to give something back to the Tumblrverse. So, we had our friends at Tattly print temporary tattoos of Thomas Edison’s lightbulb patent.
Hit us up with some fan mail if you want one. UPDATE: Thanks for the response! Alas, there are no more tattoos. The fine print says you must be 18 or over and a resident of the U.S. for us to send you one. Additionally, Tumblr didn’t endorse, administer or sponsor these tats, and only the GE social media team will receive participant information.
The Summer of Gods is a short film about a troubled girl named Lili who unites with her Afro-Brazilian religious ancestry on a summer visit with family to their ancestral village in rural Brazil. Soon after her arrival, she encounters Orishas (African gods) who join with her grandmother to help her find peace with a gift
that has previously vexed her. The film is set in the Northeast of Brazil where Afro-Brazilian religious traditions remain strong. Lili’s Grandma is a well revered local priestess who honors the Orishas. Lili is blessed by the goddesses as well. To preserve tradition, they lead her on a mystical adventure through a nearby forest which symbolizes her initiation into the tradition.
More Info: thesummerofgods.com
[Jorge Sanjinés’ Ukamau/And So It is (1966)] lays out the oppression as affecting two spheres: the personal and the collective. […] Both spheres coincide in the character of the landowner (abuser/exploiter), but they don’t coincide in the character of the peasant who avenges, because he isn’t the one directly victimized. Here we can observe how the directly oppressed subjects (woman/collective) are displaced from the subject who rises against that same oppression (man/individuality). These two spheres can’t be separated in reality. Sexual violence against women, specifically indigenous women by non-indigenous men, is a systemic and collective problem and the exploitation is also personal.
This dichotomy can only work in simplicity in an academic, bourgeoisie Western-centric cultural setting, something far removed from the Aymaran community. Partly, this works because of the legitimization of oppression. In the words of Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, “if, in the context of colonial production, the subaltern has no history and cannot speak, the subaltern as female is more deeply in shadow”. Case in point, Sabina says the name of the assailant, Ramos, to Andrés, and dies immediately afterwards. Here, the place for the female subaltern is kept without active voice, while the male subaltern has by proxy received a voice. This is significant because her word is helping another one to avenge her, but the victim is unable to help herself, thus separating her voice from the action.
Actress Esther Rolle (1920-1998) trying on a dress the Joseph Magnin store in Beverly Hills in 1974. Best known as Florida Evans on “Good Times,” Ms. Rolle was born to Bahamian immigrant parents in Pompano Beach, Florida, the 10th of 18 children. Inspired by two of her sisters who were also actresses (Rosanna Carter and Estelle Evans, who appeared in “To Kill a Mockingbird”) she moved to New York when she was 18 years old to begin a career in writing before she was talked into acting. She was also a dancer and performed with the Asadata Dafora troupe for twelve years before becoming a founding member of the Negro Ensemble Company. She also attended several colleges, most notably Spelman, and was a member of Zeta Phi Beta sorority. When asked about portraying a variety of maids throughout her career, Ms. Rolle told People magazine in 1990, “I’m glad to take on the role of a domestic because many of your black leaders, your educators, your professionals came from domestic parents who made sacrifices to see that their children didn’t go through what they did. But, I don’t play Hollywood maids, the hee-hee kind of people who are so in love with their madam’s children they have no time for their own.” Ms. Rolle was particularly concerned about black images and Hollywood and she was not shy about speaking up. She left her most famous role on “Good Times” in protest to what she thought was the increasing buffoonery of the J.J. character. She told People in that same 1990 interview, “I told the producers, ‘I did not agree to do a clown show for you to degrade young black men. I ruffle a lot of feathers. And I’m also selective—that makes you a troublemaker. But so be it. I laid a cornerstone for black actors, and that makes me happy.” Photo: Isaac Sutton from the Ted Williams and Ebony Collection at Art.com.